Announces

Home / General information about Belarus

Key facts about Belarus


 

Official Name

Republic of Belarus
 

President of Belarus

Alexander Lukashenko (1994 — present )

 
Prime Minister of Belarus
 
Andrei Kobyakov (2014  — present)

Total land area of Belarus

207,600 km²

Nationality of Belarus

Population – 9.481 million (on January 1, 2015)
  • Life expectancy at birth – 72.6 years
  • Population living in cities – 77,2%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.921,8 million inhabitants

Regional centres of Belarus (on January 1, 2014): 

 
Ethnic

Belarusian
Russian
Polish
Ukrainian
Jewish

83.4%
8.2%
3.1%
1.7%
0.13%

(Source: 2009 census)

Languages spoken in Belarus

Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus 

Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus

Belarusian rouble  BLR (official exchange rate)

 

Economic indicators

GDP (current US$) 71.71 billion (2013); GNI per capita (current US$): 6,730 (2013)

Commodity structure of export (2013):   

  • mineral products – 36.0%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 21.6%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 17.9%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 5.5%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 10.7%
  • others – 8.3%

Commodity structure of import (2013):   

  • mineral products – 39.4%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 12.3%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 22.9%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 10.0%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 7.8%
  • others – 7.5%

Main Business Partners of Belarus  

  • Russia
  • Ukraine 
  • Netherlands 
  • Germany
  • China
  • Poland
  • Venezuela 
  • Brazil
  • Latvia
  • Italy


Main Industries of Belarus  

  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry

 

Area of farmland in Belarus (on January 1, 2014)

8 726 thousands hectares

 

Agriculture  

Areas of speciality in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry

 

Natural resources  

  • wood
  • peat
  • small oil and natural gas fields
  • granite
  • dolomite
  • limestone
  • clay
  • sand

 

Number of people in employment  

4.569 million (2013)

Distribution of employed population across key economic sectors (2012):  
  • industry – 25,5%
  • agriculture – 10,2%
  • construction — 7,9%
  • transportation and communication – 7,4%
  • retail, catering, logistics – 13,8%
  • education – 10%
  • public health services, physical training and social security – 7%
  • others – 18,2%

Unemployment in Belarus  

20.9 thousand unemployed (2013)

 

Communication Facilities in Belarus  

Telephone: main telephone equipment – about 4.2 million, users of mobile phones – 10.7 million

Internet users: more than 6.8 million
In terms of overall postal e-services development, the Universal Postal Union index places Belarus in the top ten (2011).

 
Transportation 

Railways – 5,511 km, including 897 km of electric track

Highways 85,700 km. Including paved roads 74,300 km

Oil pipelines – 2,984 km

Gas pipelines – 7,421 km
 


Source: Official Website of the Republic of Belarus; National Statistical Commitee of the Republic of Belarus; World Bank

 

Last update: 03.03.2015

 

Additional information:

http://president.gov.by/en/press10662.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarus

http://www.usa.belembassy.org/eng/belarus/info

http://www.eng.belarustourism.by/belarus/about/

  • BelISA
  • Idealist
  • IncrEAST
  • БАВИН