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Key facts about Belarus



Official Name: Republic of Belarus   

President of Belarus

Картинки по запросу Президент Республики Беларусь официальное фото
Alexander Lukashenko (1994 — present)

 

  Prime Minister of Belarus

Sergei Rumas (2018  — present)
 

General Information

Total land area of Belarus: 207,600 km²

Population – 9.492 million (on January 1, 2018)
  •  Life expectancy at birth – 74.4 years
  • Population living in cities – 78%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.982 million inhabitants 
  • Brest  — 348 thous. inhabitants 
  • Vitebsk  — 378 thous. inhabitants   
  • Gomel  — 536 thous. inhabitants 
  • Grodno  — 371 thous. inhabitants
  • Mogilev  — 381 thous. inhabitants 
Ethnic

Belarusian
Russian
Polish
Ukrainian
Jewish

83.4%
8.3%
3.1%
1.7%
0.13%

(Source: 2009 census)

Languages spoken in Belarus: Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus: Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus: Belarusian rouble  BYN (official exchange rate)

Economic indicators: GDP (2017) 105.2 billion BYN; GNI per capita (2017): 11,1 BYN

Commodity structure of export (2017):   

  • mineral products – 24.6%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 18.46%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 18.1%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 7.0%
  • food and agricultural raw materials – 16.6%
  • others – 10.1%

Commodity structure of import (2017):   

  • mineral products – 29.0%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 14.6%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 23.1%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 10.0%
  • food and agricultural raw materials – 13.2%
  • others – 10.1%

Main Business Partners of Belarus: Russia, Ukraine, China, UK, Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Lithuania, Turkey, Italy.  

Main Industries of Belarus  

  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry

Area of farmland in Belarus (on January 1, 2016): 8 582 thous. hectares

Agriculture specialization: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry

Natural resources: wood, peat, small oil and natural gas fields, granite, dolomite, limestone, clay, sand.  

Number of people in employment: 4.35 million (2017)

 Distribution of employed population across key economic sectors (2016):  

  • production sector – 23.4%
  • agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.6%
  • civil engineering – 6.7%
  • transportation and communication – 6.7%
  • retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.5%
  • education – 10.3%
  • others – 28.8%

Unemployment in Belarus: 33.7 thous. unemployed (2017)

Communication

Number of mobile communication subscribers – 11.4 million.

Penetration of LTE-powered mobile communication services – 60%. At present the services are available in Minsk and all the oblast capitals as well as major district capitals across the country.

Number of fixed telephony subscribers – 47.5 phones per 100 residents.

Number of Internet service subscribers and users  – over 11 million, including over 3 million of fixed broadband Internet access subscribers. According to the International Telecommunication Union, in 2016 Belarus was ranked 23rd by the number of broadband subscribers.

International bandwidth – 1,110Gbps.

According to a research by the International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union, the Republic of Belarus is ranked 3rd among 87 countries in developing the digital postal services.

Transportation

Railways – 5480 km, including 1215 km of electric track
Highways – 102,000 km, including paved roads 88,200 km
Oil pipelines – 2,983 km
Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

Sources: Official Website of the Republic of Belarus; National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus; World Bank

Additional information:
http://president.gov.by/en/press10662.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarus

Last update: 01.06.2018

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