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General Information

 

Official Name: Republic of Belarus   

President of Belarus 

Картинки по запросу Президент Республики Беларусь официальное фото
Alexander Lukashenko
(1994 — present)

 

  Prime Minister of Belarus

Roman Golovchenko 

(2020 — present)

General Information

Total land area of Belarus: 207,600 km²

Population – 9.408 million (1 January, 2020)

  • Life expectancy at birth – 74.4 years
  • Population living in cities – 78%

The capital is Minsk – 2.020,6 million inhabitants 

Languages spoken: Belarusian and Russian

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 July

Currency: Belarusian rouble – BYN (official exchange rate)

Economic indicators: 

GDP (2019) - 132 billion BYN;

Commodity structure of export (2019):

  • mineral products – 21.5%;
  • products of the chemical or allied industries – 19.3%;
  • machinery, equipment and mechanical appliances – 17.6%;
  • food and agricultural raw materials – 16.6%;
  • ferrous, non-ferrous metals and products thereof – 7.3%;
  • other – 17.7%. 

Commodity structure of import (2019):

  • mineral products – 25.6%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 26.2%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 9.5%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 14.3%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 11.6%
  • others – 12.8%

Leading trade partners: 

  • Export – Russia, Ukraine, UK, Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, China, Brazil;
  • Import – Russia, China, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Italy, Turkey, USA, Netherlands, Lithuania.

 Industry

  • metallurgy,
  • mechanical engineering and metalworking,
  • chemical and petrochemical industry,
  • light industry,
  • food industry.

Area of farmland in Belarus (2019): 8 460 thous. hectares

Agriculture specialization: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry.

Natural resources: wood, peat, small oil and natural gas fields, granite, dolomite, limestone, clay, sand.

Number of people in employment: 4.33 million (2019)

Distribution of employed population across key economic sectors (2019):

  • Industry – 23.6%
  • Retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.6%
  • Education – 10.4%
  • Agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.0%
  • Transportation and communication – 6.8%
  • Civil engineering – 6.2%
  • Other – 29.4%

Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2019)

Communications

Number of mobile communication subscribers – 11.6 million (2019).

Penetration of LTE-powered mobile communication services – 75.5%. At present, the services are available in Minsk and all the regional capitals as well as in major district capitals across the country.

Number of fixed telephony subscribers – 47.5 phones per 100 residents.

Number of Internet service subscribers and users  – over 11 million, including over 3.2 million of fixed broadband Internet access subscribers. According to the International Telecommunication Union, in 2016 Belarus was ranked 23rd by the number of broadband subscribers.

International bandwidth – 1,110 Gbps.

Belarus is ranked 32nd in the Global ICT Development Index of the International Telecommunication Union (2017).

In 2018, Belarus moved up 11 points in comparison with 2016 and reached the 38th position in the UN E-Government Development Index (the index covers 193 countries).

 

Sources: Official Website of the Republic of BelarusNational Statistical Committee of the Republic of BelarusWorld Bank

Additional information:
http://president.gov.by/en/facts-en/

https://vetliva.com/belarus/about-country/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarus

 

 

Last update: 02.04.2021

  • BelISA
  • IncrEAST