Home / General information about Belarus
Official Name: Republic of Belarus
President of Belarus
Prime Minister of Belarus
Total land area of Belarus: 207,600 km²
Population – 9.408 million (1 January, 2020)
The capital is Minsk – 2.020,6 million inhabitants
Languages spoken: Belarusian and Russian
National holiday: Independence Day, 3 July
Currency: Belarusian rouble – BYN (official exchange rate)
GDP (2019) - 132 billion BYN;
Commodity structure of export (2019):
Commodity structure of import (2019):
Leading trade partners:
Area of farmland in Belarus (2019): 8 460 thous. hectares
Agriculture specialization: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry.
Natural resources: wood, peat, small oil and natural gas fields, granite, dolomite, limestone, clay, sand.
Number of people in employment: 4.33 million (2019)
Distribution of employed population across key economic sectors (2019):
Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2019)
Number of mobile communication subscribers – 11.6 million (2019).
Penetration of LTE-powered mobile communication services – 75.5%. At present, the services are available in Minsk and all the regional capitals as well as in major district capitals across the country.
Number of fixed telephony subscribers – 47.5 phones per 100 residents.
Number of Internet service subscribers and users – over 11 million, including over 3.2 million of fixed broadband Internet access subscribers. According to the International Telecommunication Union, in 2016 Belarus was ranked 23rd by the number of broadband subscribers.
International bandwidth – 1,110 Gbps.
Belarus is ranked 32nd in the Global ICT Development Index of the International Telecommunication Union (2017).
In 2018, Belarus moved up 11 points in comparison with 2016 and reached the 38th position in the UN E-Government Development Index (the index covers 193 countries).
Last update: 02.04.2021